Farming is defined as an activity or business of growing crops or raising livestock, but farming can take on a very different looks based on where you are in the world. Maybe you are familiar with livestock farms in which hundreds of cows could roam fenced fields or even agricultural farms that produce one or many types of crop, such as wheat or corn. However, many other types of farms exist. Imagine working on an oyster farm, in an orange grove, or in the rice paddy. These are very different from the typical American view of farming, but offer an often lucrative form of farming. Take a look at the various types of farming from around the world.
China, India, and Indonesia are the three highest producing countries for rice in the world. Rice is the seed of a grass species known as Oryza. As a cereal grain, rice is the most widely consumed food staple in much of the world. Asian countries are well known for the use of rice in many dishes and accounts for over 90 percent of all rice production. Rice farms must be carefully cultivated to allow the rice to reach full height and then maintain a consistent depth of water for the rice to mature. To some it may appear the land is flooded, but the rice will fare well.
A common crop that many may forget begins as a bean is that of coffee. Though the majority of people enjoy a steaming cup at some point during the day, coffee beans must originate somewhere. Currently the leading producer of coffee beans is Brazil. Typically grown on plantations, coffee beans grow on large plants or trees. The actual bean looks almost like a cherry when harvested, but over time can be processed into the ground powder that creates a number of drinks.
Even the United States has a variety of farms in existence. Take a lengthy drive through Kentucky to see the rich resources it offers in the form of farming. Kentucky’s top agricultural based commodities include cattle, horses, corn, soybeans, and tobacco. Farms are highly varied. A bit further south in Florida, citrus especially oranges, are the largest form of agriculture. A poor citrus season in Florida can affect orange juice prices all over the country. Moving further out west, Texas is the nation’s second leading agricultural producing state. Fifty-one percent of the agricultural export of Texas is cattle and calves. That is a true herd of cows.
So while farming may take on a variety of appearances, whether cows and horses or oysters and cranberries, each form of produce can play an important part in the economy. Take time to learn about the different types of agriculture and explore photos of the amazing farms in existence, the beauty can be surprising.