What is the main relation between technology and science? How are science and technology related? And how are they different? How does science lead to technology and how does technology lead to science?
There are many examples throughout the history of science and technology that can explain the complex and important relationship between these two disciplines.
When you play your favorite game on your phone, you probably don’t realize how important science is to what you are doing. While you are enjoying your favorite movie online on Netflix, science is probably the last thing on your mind. You are trying to relax; enjoy your time and you are probably not thinking about science and how it helps you to enjoy your favorite TV show, funny YouTube video or the last season of Game of Thrones.
Aside from the science behind the logic of every game or TV show, there is a deeper connection between technology and science. All technology instruments, from medical scanners to smartphones are connected and related to science. Without science, all technological gadgets would not even exist. Science offers the knowledge needed for creating, developing and improving any technological device.
What is science? Science is the study of the world around us. How does it work? What are the rules of the natural world we live in? The data in science is collected through a systematic process which is called a scientific method, and it’s studied carefully by applying all scientific rules for something to be named as scientifically proven. From the other side, technology is a field where we apply science to create different devices and gadgets. These devices help us to solve problems, do certain tasks and overall, they make our life easier and better.
Without the application of science in medicine, we would not have a solution for any health issue we are facing in the 21st century. Imagine a life without MRI or without a stove. A life without a phone? A life without electricity? All of this is possible thanks to science.
The main connection between science and technology is that technology is the application of science. Throughout history, science has paved the way for all different advances in our society and technology has been the application of scientific progress that we as mankind have made in the past few decades.
During the agricultural revolution, and the industrial revolution, our lives have changed significantly. From being hunter gatherers, we started settling down and farming, we started with mass production through different industries. All of this was gained through science. Through our knowledge of how to grow crops, how to do mass production of products that we use and need the most. Farming technology and industrial technology has been around for centuries and the most recent technological revolution is not an exception.
Science, innovation, and technology are all connected. Science provides knowledge which is a direct source for new technological possibilities. Without scientific knowledge, there is no application of the information gained through scientific methods. Science also gives us a knowledge base that becomes important in the assessment of technology and their social and environmental impact. Also, a knowledge base can help scientists to improve strategies of applied research.
Technology has a great impact on science as well and it’s equally important. Through providing a source of new scientific questions and helping to justify the allocation of resources and resolutions, technology has an impact on science as well. Technology can put new questions on the table where science needs to provide all the answers needed for better resolutions. Science can be seen as a theory and technology as one form of applied knowledge.