Winter is on its way, and if you have a lawn and/or garden that you’re proud of, you’ll need to know how to prepare it for a long sleep. Since prepping grass, trees, and other plants for winter takes a little gardening know-how, it’s important to make sure you understand some basic garden terms.
Mulch: A mixture of manure, dead leaves, or other organic material that you use as an insulator to protect your yard and garden from the winter cold.
Fertilize: The application of compost in preparation for seeding.
Seeding: In the places where the grass is patchy and you’ve fertilized, spread grass seed that will grow before the weather gets cold.
Aerate: The process of opening up moist soil with a tined aerator, so key nutrients and grass seed can grow.
Once you understand the basics, you can begin prepping your lawn. The best month to start is September. To ensure your lawn is full and lush by next spring, you should first mow the grass to about 1 to 1.5 inches. This way, you can find any patchy areas and determine how much compost you should use. Once mowed, aerate the lawn before composting and seeding. You can use fallen leaves for mulch instead of throwing them away for your trees and plant beds. Mulch around trees by removing grass 3-10 feet away from the base of the trunk and arranging mulch around the tree, without touching the trunk.
To prep your garden for winter, begin by trimming any dead annual flowers to reduce the risk of disease. You should also bring in any delicate plants that will die when the first frost hits, and plan on caring for them indoors. Vegetable seedlings from fall plants should also be protected, though they can stay outside. Cover them with blankets in the evening when the temperature drops. Mulching your garden beds is extremely important, and protects plants like bulbs. Even though your garden make look dead during the winter, there’s a lot going on, and you want to be sure that you’re doing all you can to keep your landscaping safe.
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